The year 1891 (month: January), saw the conception of Cleanthe Desgraves, who in the year 1929, would turn into one of Haiti's first known female authors with the distribution of her book Cruelle Destinée [cruel Destiny]. In 1891, Antenor Firmin distributed his book Haïti et la France [haiti and France], which chronicled the provincial and strategic relationship between the island and the European power. The productive research organization distributed Une Défense, an alternate book the accompanying year. Later in the 1890s, (1898), he discharged Diplomate et diplomatie [diplomat and Diplomacy].
Student of history Marc Pean names the 1890s as a period in which there was an immense fight against the Vodun religion, especially in the city of Cap Haitien. His works particularly indicate the year 1896, in which conspicuous men of the period collected in Cap Haitien and framed La Ligue Contre le Vaudou [the Anti-Voodoo League]. As indicated by Pean, Cap Haitien diocese supervisor Francois-Marie Kersuzan was at the leader of this relationship, and also Adhemar Auguste, a conspicuous lawyer situated in Cap Haitien, a Mr. Elie Benjamin, a Mr. Thalès Manigat (an unmistakable business and future priest), a Mr. Annibal Beliard, Antenor Firmin, and Cincinnatus Leconte, a future president of Ha