The crisis in Haiti: an impossible consensus

We think we are going through an odyssey in the country. For over two decades Haiti knows recurrent political crises. This time the crisis has reached a point where if we do not take prompt and effective measures, we will relive the disgraceful spectacle of a landing of foreign troops to enhance MINUSTAH. The specter of failure of one of the most important republican institutions are accompanied by a sly threat of foreign occupation.

This kind of situation is not new in the history of our country. In the late 1860s and during the following decade, the country experienced a bloody civil war. Under the reign of Sylvain Salnave the population had invaded the Legislative Palace and cast members in full session, the House was dissolved. The "Caco" anti-government forces, fought against the "stakes" that flew to the rescue of President Salnave. This did not prevent the defeat of the president who was shot on the ruins of the National Palace on January 15, 1870. Despite all the efforts, the peace did not come. President Nissage Saget that made succeeded him as well face many difficulties. He was elected for 4 years, according to the Constitution of 1867. Towards the end of the term of President Saget, a political crisis brought the hostile members of his government categorically refused to sit and allow the presidential elections. Nissage will not finish his term, "pressed by the Senate on one side, rammed another by Domingo who boldly made his way to the capital and camped in the chair at the door of the National Palace to wait for the owner wants in out, Nissage was convinced in the end, the body of a Commission called the seven sages of the futility of his hopes, and gave South the general, hand in hand, the reins of the State "[i]. (Edmond Paul, The causes of our misfortunes, p.82.). After coming to power Michel Domingue broke the Constitution of 1867, convened a Constituent Assembly, which gave him a term of eight (8) years. Two years after his election, Domingo became unpopular, they took up arms against him, his government was overthrown.

Our history is full of examples of governments, elected presidents who do not complete their terms. To such a sign we can count on the fingers of one hand since our independence to date the Haitian presidents who carried forward a constitutional mandate.

Historian Claude Moses in his book "Constitution and power struggles in Haiti," talks about the impossible consensus. It portrays the two political systems which vacillates between Haiti. Presidentialism and parliamentarism. In the Haitian system, says Moses, the president's power is not exercised without control. The Executive does not evade the sanction of Parliament for most government initiatives ... Rooms can question, challenge, blame the ministers and secretaries of state, investigate all matters referred to them, refuse to vote the budget, give landfills, to do any legislative work when they are not satisfied with the quality of audit items. In the Chamber of Deputies, he returns as appropriate, to impeach the president, ministers and secretaries of state and bring them to the Senate for trial (Claude Moise, op cit., P. 361-362). [ii] However, the historian acknowledges that the balance sought by the Haitian constituents is often broken in favor of the President of the Republic; because in practice, the Judiciary and the Legislature are subject to the executive, as it relates to important policy decisions. The crisis we're currently living is due to this deviance while the politicians who caused not seem to be able to contribute to its denouement. O fate!

After many consultations of the President of the Republic and the wise recommendations of the Presidential Advisory Commission, a name is removed from the crystal ball, Evans Paul. Citizen well known for its militancy, its experience in Haitian affairs, his long practice of men and things of that country, wisdom and knowledge of Haitian politics. There were indications that the crisis node will discard that the country can finally begin to hope. However, the statements following the appointment cast doubt on the possibility of a resolution of the crisis. We are not ready to leave the inn where the impossible compromise. Our only hope lies in the ability of the Prime Minister appointed to sit with the political opposition to build consensus around the policy it wishes to conduct during the few months he will have to govern the country. Remains that if the side of the opposition there is no inclination to resolve the crisis since swears by the departure of President, as a solution inevitably sink the country into chaos.

However, apart from any considerations for the common country, the political class has no other choice but to find a consensus at any cost to liberate the country.

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. Is it plausible that brotherhood which we may be talking about a political category, beyond its religious and philosophical connotations? In an article we published in Le Nouvelliste, September 7, 2011, entitled "Advocacy for brotherhood." We demonstrated that political fraternity is the glue that sticks Freedom and Equality. Freedom can not precede equal to the risk of turning into license. And the two can not exist without brotherhood, only able to compose the whole, to maintain cohesion and unite the components. It is not a question here of a blood brotherhood (that is, as a category of family circle, private), but a political fellowship (ie, as a category that is available in the public domain) [iii ].

To resolve the crisis in both the cyclical and structural aspect, the Advisory Committee has made numerous recommendations, and like many areas, the Commission suggests the organization of the States General of the nation, what we call just as such, the national dialogue. This process should lead to a governability pact that will bring the country the stability necessary for its development and growth. This pact should pave the way for a new social pact that will hit the seal of brotherhood.

Certainly we need to rebuild our political community; because the latter requires professionalism. Those who intend to engage in politics must learn the trade. Haiti desperately needs politicians accountable, impregnated ethics and republican values and spirit of magnitude. Let's be great.

Prime Minister-designate to the insignia patch to reach a compromise between the various players in the current political crisis. Exercise is an achievement if we take into account the irreconcilable positions that are expressed on both sides. However, we believe that despite everything, the consensus is possible for the good of the Motherland. To do this, the Prime Minister-designate must be a national unity government representing different political sensibilities. It will reassure all sectors, to trust. He will return, however, opposition to slough off any a priori, to begin real negotiations with the Prime Minister appointed by prioritizing, of course, the best interests of the nation.

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